Grass Questions

Grass Questions

by PJ Kratohvil
of Complete Solutions

Grass seems to be the hot topic lately. With the heat starting to set in, everyone’s wondering what’s going on in and around those shade trees, along the concrete walks where the grass is thinning, or asking about the dead spots in the lawn. We thought it would be a good idea to highlight our TOP 3 kinds of grass for this area, give you some information on what to plant, where to plant it, and what you should expect. If you’re looking to replace some damaged areas, or you’re tired of fighting a struggling lawn and looking to change out turf types, check out the information below. It’s always best to consult with a specialist, but the information below might help guide you in the right direction or give you a place to start.

Bermuda’s great for a sun-exposed lawn (at least 7 sun hrs per day). It’s aggressive growth habit gives it excellent weed resistance. That same trait can be a problem when Bermuda invades flower beds-planters-gardens. Bermuda is pretty wear-resistant and drought-tolerant. It spreads by both stolons and rhizomes, which helps it to form a thick, dense turf. If you’re looking for a green lawn year-round, overseeding with rye will provide that color through winter. Roughly 1/2”-3”is the recommended cut height so you can keep it short for the summer months but let it get taller to help retain moisture.
Blade: Sharp, Pointed, 1/8” Wide
Color/Texture: Deep Green, Dense
Growth: Close Cut, High Quality
Water: Frequently

St. Augustine
St. Augustine is the turfgrass of choice in warm climates where sandy soil is prevalent and water doesn’t stand around. The broad blades will hold color into the fall season, unlike other warm-season grasses. It can thrive with at least five hours of sunlight per day and consistent watering. It can be more susceptible to fungus and disease than other types of grass and won’t take as much traffic. But if maintained properly, it is a great option. Cut height should be 3-4” for optimum thickness and longevity.
Blade: Broad with Rounded Tip, 1/4” Wide
Color/Texture: Dark Green, Coarse, Spongy
Growth: Slow, From Sod or Plugs
Water: Frequently

Zoysia prefers a warm, sunny and well-drained growing site. BUT, some varieties can take as little as three hours of light per day. This makes it a great option in our warmer climate with most of our lawns containing both sun and shade areas. It takes more care than most turfgrasses, but when its needs are met, the reward is a thick, green lawn. It’s a very slow-growing grass, and it can take more than a year to establish fully. It has stiff leaf blades and will produce numerous seed heads if not kept cut. Cut height can vary but we typically recommend at around 1”.
Blade: Narrow, Needle-Like
Color/Texture: Prickly, Stiff, Carpet-Like
Growth: Slow
Water: Average

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